How did the Covid-19 pandemic impact child care use among infants and toddlers in New Jersey?

Allison Friedman-Krauss, W. Steven Barnett, & Zijia Li

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The Covid-19 pandemic upended the nation’s child care system and New Jersey is no exception. Over the last year, the Infant and Toddler Policy Research Center at the National Institute for Early Education Research (ITC@NIEER) conducted three surveys of parents of infants and toddlers (children under age 3) about their use of (non-parental) child care. The surveys were conducted in August 2020, February 2021, and June 2021 and were designed to represent New Jersey’s population of parents of infants and toddlers. The August 2020 survey also asked about use of child care prior to the Covid-19 pandemic. This data snapshot summarizes findings from simple analyses and from more complex models used to estimate changes in the use of infant and toddler child care over time beginning prior to March 2020.