Policy Brief – Who Goes to Preschool and Why Does it Matter? (Updated)

What are the factors that influence preschool enrollment? See who goes to preschool by age, ethnicity, income, maternal employment and education and region in this policy brief.

By W. Steven Barnett and Donald J. Yarosz
NIEER Policy Brief (Issue 15, November 2007)


Preschool participation in the U.S. has been increasing steadily over the last four decades. By 2005, more than two-thirds of the nation’s 4-year-olds were enrolled in a preschool program — but who are these children? Where are they? This policy brief identifies factors that influence preschool enrollment, such as income, geography and ethnicity, and offers policy recommendations to address inequities in access.

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