Research Report

Universal PreKindergarten Mixed Delivery Quality and Access

Final Report & Brief

A Report to the Fiscal and Policy Committees of the Legislature and the Department of Finance

The California State Legislature established the Universal PreKindergarten Mixed Delivery Quality and Access Workgroup (the Workgroup), directing the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the California Department of Education (CDE), in consultation with the Department of Social Services (CDSS) and the State Board of Education, to convene interest holders to make recommendations related to preschool quality and access, pursuant to Assembly Bill 185 (Chapter 571, Statutes of 2022), which has been codified into Education Code (EC) Section 8202.6. To ensure alignment with the most recent efforts of the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC) on teacher qualifications, CDE also included CTC as part of the state agency team.

Access the Universal PreKindergarten Mixed Delivery Quality and Access Brief here. 

Access the Ensuring Equitable Access to High Quality Universal Preschool in California Memo, October 5, 2023

Mixed Delivery in State Funded PreK Programs: Summary of the Presentation by NIEER to the California UPK Mixed Delivery Workgroup, March 13, 2023




The National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) at the Graduate School of Education, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, conducts and disseminates independent research and analysis to inform early childhood education policy.