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Articles written by NIEER and published by outside organizations

Journal Articles

Preschool program improves cognitive control.


December 15, 2017
Quality and Curriculum

By Diamond, A., Barnett, W. S., Thomas, J., & Munro, S. (2007).

Executive functions (EFs), also called cognitive control, are critical for success in school and life. Although EF skills are rarely taught, they can be. The Tools of the Mind (Tools) curriculum improves EFs in preschoolers in regular classrooms with regular teachers at minimal expense. Core EF skills are (i) inhibitory control (resisting habits, temptations, or distractions),  (ii)  working memory (mentally holding and using information), and (iii) cognitive flexibility (adjusting to change) .