December 20, 2019 – Volume 18, Issue 46

Hot Topics
Increases for Early Childhood Programs
Early childhood programs will get $1.1 billion more than last year under a deal to fund the federal government through fiscal year 2020. The increases include $550 million for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, $550 million for Head Start, and $25 million for Preschool Development Grants.
States Getting PDG B-5 Renewal Grant Notices
The federal government is telling states if they’re receiving a Preschool Development Birth through Five (PDG B-5) Renewal Grant, NIEER has learned.
Among states told they’re receiving grants are Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington, according to sources.
The states receiving the renewal grant have up to three years to implement the strategic plan for strengthening the state’s early care and education system for children birth to age five. The grants will also help improve the transitions between early care and education settings and elementary school.
ECE Resources
Modeling the Nonlinear Relationship between Structure and Process Quality Features in Chinese Preschool Classrooms
Researchers examined structural and process quality features and their relationships to teacher-child interaction quality. They report “classroom size, child-teacher ratio, and teacher certification as the three highest contributors to explaining teacher-child interaction quality” and that “space and facility showed the weakest relationship.”
Stress Mindset Predicts Job Turnover among Preschool Teachers
Researchers examined if believing stress is either harmful or beneficial predicted preschool teachers’ job stress and turnover. “Teachers who believe in the potential benefits of stress experienced less job stress, and were therefore less likely to leave their jobs as quickly,” according to the researchers.
Effects of Learning Addition and Subtraction in Preschool by Making the First Ten Numbers and Their Relations Visible With Finger Patterns
Researchers examined an intervention program “aimed to enhance” how children experience “numbers’ part-part-whole relations.” Reporting significantly higher learning outcomes after the intervention, the researchers suggest “children participating in the intervention group learned to recognize and use part-part-whole relations in novel arithmetic tasks.”
A Systematic Review of Occupational Therapy Intervention for Handwriting Skills in 4–6-Year-Old Children
Reviewing literature on occupational therapy’s impact on handwriting skills for 4 to 6-year-old children, researchers report the therapy increased targeted skills, with similar results across samples of children with and without disabilities. They suggest “an effective integration of occupational therapy interventions into educational curriculum was found to save both time and cost.”
Factors Associated with Early School Readiness Profiles for Black Girls
Researchers examined pre-academic and socioemotional skills data to derive school readiness profiles of Black girls from preschool through kindergarten with data from ECLS-B. Three profiles emerged: (1) Consistent Learner, (2) Struggling Learner, and (3) Excelling Learner. There was considerable variation within these learning profiles, however, and a relatively large group with low achievement. The study found that “Family demographics, parenting, parental functioning, and early education experiences predicted likelihood of being in a particular profile.”
Early Education News Round-up
The week’s key stories on early childhood education. Read now.
Postdoctoral Scholar, Schubert Center for Child Studies, Case Western Reserve University
Senior Associate Partner – Program Evaluation, Bellwether Education Partners
Assistant Professor – Early Childhood Education (Birth to Age 5) – Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education at the University of Alabama at Birmingham
Assistant Professor – Early Childhood Education (Pre-K-3rd Grade) – Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education at the University of Alabama at Birmingham