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State of the science on implementation research in early child development and future directions


July 5, 2019 Governance and AccountabilityInternationalQuality and Curriculum

By Frances E. Aboud, Aisha K. Yousafzai, & Milagros Nores We summarize the state of the field of implementation research and practice for early child development and propose recommendations. First, conclusions are drawn regarding what is generally known about the implementation of early childhood development programs, based on papers and discussions leading to a published…

Implementing aeioTU: quality improvement alongside an efficacy study—learning while growing


July 5, 2019 InternationalQuality and Curriculum

By Milagros Nores, Alexandra Figueras‐Daniel, Maria Adelaida Lopez, & Raquel Bernal Effectiveness trials of increasing childhood development interventions across low‐ and middle‐income countries have shown significant variability. The strength and consistency of benefits for children are dependent on program quality, and this requires paying attention to program implementation. In this paper, we summarize findings on…

Building capacity in health and education systems to deliver interventions that strengthen early child development


July 5, 2019 Economics and FinanceGovernance and AccountabilityInternationalWorkforce

By Milagros Nores & Camila Fernandez Building capacity within health and education systems of low‐ and middle‐income countries in order to deliver high‐quality early childhood services requires coordinated efforts across sectors, effective governance, sufficient funding, an adequate workforce, reliable data systems, and continuous monitoring, evaluation, and improvement cycles; it also requires partnerships with the private…

Center-based care for infants and toddlers: The aeioTU randomized trial


July 5, 2019 AssessmentInternationalOutcomes

By Milagros Nores, Raquel Bernal, & W. Steven Barnett Little is known about the effectiveness of center-based high quality educational programs for infants and toddlers, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reports effects from a randomized trial of a high-quality center-based early intervention on infants and toddlers in two communities in northern Colombia….

Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions across the World: (Under) Investing in the Very Young


September 17, 2018 InternationalOutcomes

By Nores, M. & Barnett, W.S. (2010) This paper reviews the international (non-U.S.) evidence on the benefits of early childhood interventions. A total of 38 contrasts of 30 interventions in 23 countries were analyzed. It focuses on studies applying a quasi-experimental or random assignment. Studies were coded according to: the type of intervention (cash transfer, nutritional,…

Implementing aeioTU: quality improvement alongside an efficacy study—learning while growing


May 24, 2018 InternationalQuality and Curriculum

By Nores, M., Figueras-Daniel, A., Lopez, M.A. & Bernal, R. (2018) Effectiveness trials of increasing childhood development interventions across low‐ and middle‐income countries have shown significant variability. The strength and consistency of benefits for children are dependent on program quality, and this requires paying attention to program implementation. In this paper, we summarize findings on…

Building capacity in health and education systems to deliver interventions that strengthen early child development


May 24, 2018 Governance and AccountabilityInternationalWorkforce

By Nores, M. & Fernandez, C. (2018) Building capacity within health and education systems of low‐ and middle‐income countries in order to deliver high‐quality early childhood services requires coordinated efforts across sectors, effective governance, sufficient funding, an adequate workforce, reliable data systems, and continuous monitoring, evaluation, and improvement cycles; it also requires partnerships with the…

Benefits of early childhood interventions across the world: (Under) Investing in the very young.


December 15, 2017 InternationalOutcomes

By Nores, M. & Barnett, W. S. (2010). This paper reviews the international (non-U.S.) evidence on the benefits of early childhood interventions. A total of 38 contrasts of 30 interventions in 23 countries were analyzed. It focuses on studies applying a quasi-experimental or random assignment. Studies were coded according to: the type of intervention (cash transfer,…

Why pre-k is critical to closing the achievement gap.


December 15, 2017 InternationalOutcomesSpecial Education

By Frede, E. & Barnett, W. S. (2011). The recently released results of the 2009 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) comparison of educational achievement across 65 countries has brought renewed attention to the achievement gap and recommended changes to improve U.S. performance. The U.S. was well down in the middle of the pack for reading,…

Crèche attendance and children’s intelligence and behavior development.


December 15, 2017 InternationalOutcomes

By Baumeister, A. E. E., Rindermann, H. & Barnett, W. S. (2014). Early childhood education is intended to further cognitive and general development. Studies on the impact of regular crèche (preschool for children under age 3) attendance outside the U.S. are rare. Two complementary studies conducted in Austria are presented: In Study 1, 62 kindergarten children…