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Building capacity in health and education systems to deliver interventions that strengthen early child development

July 5, 2019 Economics and FinanceGovernance and AccountabilityInternationalWorkforce

By Milagros Nores & Camila Fernandez Building capacity within health and education systems of low‐ and middle‐income countries in order to deliver high‐quality early childhood services requires coordinated efforts across sectors, effective governance, sufficient funding, an adequate workforce, reliable data systems, and continuous monitoring, evaluation, and improvement cycles; it also requires partnerships with the private…

Cost-effectiveness analysis for state and local decision making: An application to half-day and full-day preschool special education programs.

February 22, 2018 Economics and FinanceOutcomesSpecial Education

By Barnett, W. S. (1987) The following article presents the results of a cost-effectiveness analysis in which half-day and full-day intervention programs for handicapped preschoolers were compared. The research sample consisted of 39 matched pairs of handicapped 4-year-olds in nine half- and nine full-day classrooms. Program effectiveness was evaluated using cognitive and expressive language scores from…

A contingent valuation approach to measuring the benefits of preschool education.

February 22, 2018 Economics and FinanceSpecial Education

By Escobar, C. M., Barnett, W. S., & Keith, J. E. (1988). It is difficult to quantify and value many of the benefits of education. This paper illustrates the use of contingent valuation to obtain more complete estimates of the economic value of difficult-to-measure benefits of preschool education for handicapped children and presents a general approach…

Economic analysis as a tool for early intervention research.

February 22, 2018 Economics and Finance

By Barnett, W. S. (1988). Although economic analysis is complicated and has limitations, it is a workable method capable of producing a great deal of information about the value of early interventions. Procedures for conducting a cost analysis, cost-benefit analysis, or cost-effectiveness analysis are outlined, along with a review of the approach’s advantages and limitations.

Research on the cost effectiveness of early educational intervention: Implications for research and policy.

February 22, 2018 Economics and FinanceSpecial Education

By Barnett, W. S. & Escobar, C. M. (1989). In the last decade, the “cost effectiveness” of early educational intervention has become a familiar argument for the expansion of such services to young children who are handicapped or living in poverty. Indeed, the claim is often broadened to support public provision of universal early childhood programs….

Developing preschool education policy: An economic perspective.

February 22, 2018 Economics and Finance

By Barnett, W. S. (1990). Federal, state, and local governments are currently considering significant changes in public policies related to preschool education. Much of the impetus for these changes derives from evidence of the costs and benefits of such programs, and many of the issues being addressed have significant economic dimensions. This article examines four critical…

Benefit-cost analysis of preschool education: Findings from a 25-year follow-up. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

February 22, 2018 Economics and Finance

By Barnett, W. S. (1993). Conducted a benefit–cost analysis of a preschool education program for poor children based on a 25-yr follow-up study by J. R. Berrueta-Clement et al (1984). At the beginning of the program, Ss consisted of 128 African-American children and their parents, all of low SES. The children were born between 1958 and…

Economic evaluation of home visiting programs

February 22, 2018 Economics and Finance

By Barnett, W. S. (1993). This article discusses economic evaluation of home visiting programs. Evaluations of this kind, including cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit studies, can help policymakers allocate limited resources and help both program planners and administrators improve their programs. Barnett reviews some of the important considerations when measuring the costs and outcomes of home visiting programs….

Obstacles and opportunities: Some simple economics of school finance reform.

February 22, 2018 Economics and FinanceOutcomes

By Barnett, W. S. (1994). The rapid growth in education expenditure in a time of declining earnings and increased economic inequality presents both obstacles and opportunities for school finance reform. Opportunities are greatest for reforms that increase funding for low-achieving students, rather than schools, based on efficiency arguments. Special-education policy is one possible model for such…

Long-term cognitive and academic effects of early childhood education on children in poverty

February 22, 2018 Economics and FinanceOutcomes

By Barnett, W. S. (1998). It is generally accepted that early childhood education improves the cognitive performance of children in poverty in the short-term, but whether cognitive effects persist in the long-term is hotly debated. This paper presents the results of a critical review of 38 studies of the long-term effects of early childhood programs on…