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Articles written by NIEER and published by outside organizations

Journal Articles

Benefits of early childhood interventions across the world: (Under) Investing in the very young.


December 15, 2017

By Nores, M. & Barnett, W. S. (2010). This paper reviews the international (non-U.S.) evidence on the benefits of early childhood interventions. A total of 38 contrasts of 30 interventions in 23 countries were analyzed. It focuses on studies applying a quasi-experimental or random assignment. Studies were coded according to: the type of intervention (cash transfer,…

Meta-analysis of the effects of early education interventions on cognitive and social development.


December 15, 2017

By Camilli, G., Vargas, S., Ryan, S., & Barnett, W.S. (2010). There is much current interest in the impact of early childhood education programs on preschoolers and, in particular, on the magnitude of cognitive and affective gains. To address this issue comprehensively, a meta-analysis was conducted for the purpose of synthesizing the outcomes of comparative studies…

Universal and targeted approaches to preschool education in the United States.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. (2010). In the United States, enrollments in preschool center-based programs have leveled off at about 75 percent of four-year-olds and 50 percent of three year olds. Nearly all government programs restrict eligibility to children in low-income families, and these families have substantially increased preschool participation rates as a result. However, in the…

Why pre-k is critical to closing the achievement gap.


December 15, 2017

By Frede, E. & Barnett, W. S. (2011). The recently released results of the 2009 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) comparison of educational achievement across 65 countries has brought renewed attention to the achievement gap and recommended changes to improve U.S. performance. The U.S. was well down in the middle of the pack for reading,…

Financing early childhood education programs: State, federal and local issues.


December 15, 2017

By Hustedt, J. T. & Barnett, W. S. (2011). The landscape of financing early childhood education in the U.S. is complex. Programs run the gamut from tuition-supported private centers to public programs supported by federal, state, or local funds. Different funding streams are poorly coordinated. The federal government funds several major targeted programs that are available…

Private providers in state pre-K: Vital partners.


December 15, 2017

By Hustedt, J. T. & Barnett, W. S. (2011). State pre-K policies should equalize standards between pre-K programs in public and private settings, as differences in standards can undermine the success of state pre-K programs. […] state policy should equalize staff compensation between private and public providers; otherwise the best teachers will flow from private to…

Effectiveness of early educational intervention.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. (2011). Early educational intervention has been proposed to partially offset the impacts of poverty and inadequate learning environments on child development and school success. A broad range of early educational interventions are found to produce meaningful, lasting effects on cognitive, social, and schooling outcomes. However, all interventions are not equally effective. Two…

Crèche attendance and children’s intelligence and behavior development.


December 15, 2017

By Baumeister, A. E. E., Rindermann, H. & Barnett, W. S. (2014). Early childhood education is intended to further cognitive and general development. Studies on the impact of regular crèche (preschool for children under age 3) attendance outside the U.S. are rare. Two complementary studies conducted in Austria are presented: In Study 1, 62 kindergarten children…

Kindergarten readiness impacts of the Arkansas Better Chance State Prekindergarten Initiative.


December 12, 2017

By Hustedt, J. T., Jung, K., Barnett W. S. & Williams, T. (2015). Enrollment in state-funded pre-K programs prior to kindergarten entry has become increasingly common. As each state develops its own model for pre-K, rigorous studies of the impacts of state-specific programs are needed. This study investigates impacts of the Arkansas Better Chance (ABC)…

Assessing QRIS as a change agent.


December 12, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. & Goffin, S.G. (2015). This opening commentary presents the catalyst for organizing a special theme issue on QRIS as a Change Agent and summarizes its 12 articles. A brief assessment of the “state of QRIS” is offered, followed by a suggestion of two additional policy approaches worthy of consideration by policymakers as…