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Articles written by NIEER and published by outside organizations

Journal Articles

Long-term effects of early childhood programs on cognitive and school outcomes


February 22, 2018

By Barnett, W. S. (1995) The extent to which early childhood programs produce long-term benefits in children’s cognitive development, socialization, and school success is a matter of some controversy. This article reviews 36 studies of both model demonstration projects and large-scale public programs to examine the long-term effects of these programs on children from low-income families….

Long-term cognitive and academic effects of early childhood education on children in poverty


February 22, 2018

By Barnett, W. S. (1998). It is generally accepted that early childhood education improves the cognitive performance of children in poverty in the short-term, but whether cognitive effects persist in the long-term is hotly debated. This paper presents the results of a critical review of 38 studies of the long-term effects of early childhood programs on…

A cost analysis of Part-C early intervention services in New Jersey. Journal of Early Intervention


February 22, 2018

By Tarr, J. & Barnett, W. S. (2001) This study estimates the cost of early intervention services in New Jersey and investigates sources of variations in cost. Data were obtained statewide from a cost survey and a daily activity log that service providers completed. Variables affecting cost were the types of staff providing services, time allocations…

The State Education Standard


January 10, 2018 Economics and FinanceState & Local

January 2018 The impact of early childhood education is undeniable. Recent studies indicate that programs for children under five can significantly decrease special education placement and grade retention, close achievement gaps, and increase high school graduation rates. States see this value too: Forty-three states and the District of Columbia provide state-funded preschool, serving nearly 1.5…

Who reads to young children? Identifying predictors of family reading activities.


December 19, 2017

By Yarosz, D. & Barnett, W. S. (2001). Who reads to young children? Analyses of data from the National Household Education Survey of 1995 (NHES:95) are performed to investigate the influences on the frequency of parental reading to young children. The NHES:95 data set is based on a national survey of households utilizing random digit dialing…

And so we plough along: The nature and nurture of partnerships for inquiry.


December 19, 2017

By Barnett, W. S., & Frede, E. C. (2001). New approaches to inquiry that partner researchers with practitioners and policy makers have become more common in the early childhood field as it has embraced a wider variety of research traditions. In this introductory article for the special issue on partnerships for inquiry, we explore the…

Early childhood development and social mobility.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. & Belfield, C. (2006). Steven Barnett and Clive Belfield examine the effects of preschool education on social mobility in the United States. They note that under current policy three- and four-year-old children from economically and educationally disadvantaged families have higher preschool attendance rates than other children. But current programs fail to enroll…

Early childhood program design and economic returns: Comparative benefit-cost analysis of the Abecedarian program and policy implications.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. & Masse, L. N. (2007). Child care and education are to some extent joint products of preschool programs, but public policy and research frequently approach these two goals independently. We present a benefit–cost analysis of a preschool program that provided intensive education during full-day child care. Data were obtained from a randomized…

Surprising agreement on Head Start: Compli/ementing Curry and Besharov.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. (2007). Looking over the three perspectives on Head Start research, I feel a bit like Goldilocks. I find one too hard and one too soft, while the third is just right. I set out my reasoning below, but it barely rises above nitpicking. In truth, I am reasonably comfortable with each one….

Revving up Head Start: Lessons from recent research.


December 15, 2017

By Barnett, W. S. (2007). For over 40 years, Head Start has been the nation’s largest comprehensive child development program for 3- and 4-year-old children in low-income families. Although it is frequently described as a compensatory education program, Head Start provides education, social, health, and nutritional services to children and their parents, in an attempt…